Tuesday, December 15, 2015

Nuclear weapon

In dialogue with Infobae, from Jerusalem, Professor Hanoch Gutfreund, current director of the Einstein archive at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem (UHJ); He explained that: "the important thing is to understand that the discovery of Albert Einstein's General theory of relativity had difficult times, highs and lows, including errors, and that is precisely what builds it is so great".
Nuclear weapon
The brilliant mind of this German fisico-teorico of Jewish origin named Albert Einstein, on November 25, 1915 presented to the Prussian Academy of Sciences Research that was going to change forever the way we understand the idea of space-time.

To formulate it, Einstein used reasoning and mathematical deductions, and hypothetical experiments, without a pilot basis. His equations also allowed to deduce testable phenomena.

His presentation in 1915, "had a great impact and definitely became the most famous scientist in the world," confirmed Infobae Professor Gutfreund.

On May 29, 1919, Arthur Eddington measured during an eclipse, the deviation of the light of a star passing close to the Sun. One of the predictions that predicted the manuscript of the General theory of relativity. Until the day of today, theory has been tested in all experiments and checks carried out.

His genius status not hid their emotional problems: dyslexic and abandonico with their wives. From a young age his uncle Jacob was who encouraged him scientific concerns
His genius status not hid their emotional problems. From a young age his uncle Jacob was who encouraged him scientific concerns

It all started a decade ago when the Professor Einstein, as he liked to be called, he realized that could violate a fundamental physics principle: that bodies fall at the same speed, regardless of its mass and shape.

Added the director of the Einstein Archives Professor Hanoch Gutfreund to Infobae: "I think that the most important feature of Einstein, and allowing him to see and what others did not do was their courage and daring well understood;" against the establishment. Somehow some "lack of respect" toward the authority. He had his own way of interpreting what investigating and was not deterred, nor discouraged by perceptions and vision of the giants of the science of the time. That made it distinct".

The difficult task of being a genius
Albert Einstein was born in 1879 in the city of Ulm, in the North of Germany, in a Jewish family - agnostic. From a young age and especially during his tenure with the Polytechnic of Zurich, in Switzerland, obsessed him the deep underlying connection between gravity and acceleration.

Throughout his life, Einstein had three nationalities: German original; and at age 16 to avoid military service renounced their citizenship of origin and started the paperwork to become naturalized Swiss.

Before the rise of Nazism, he moved to the United States, where he also sought U.S. citizenship, which was granted in 1940, at the age of 61.

The genius label won it when showed, that for himself was his most brilliant idea: the equivalence principle, according to which the inertia force equals - by all means - the attraction of gravity. Forces that are familiar to the ordinary mortals, because gravity "binds us" is the planet and inertia appears suddenly as a response.

In 1915 deduced the equation of physics known by the general public: the equivalence between mass and energy, E = mc². That year published other works which laid the foundations for physical statistics and quantum mechanics. The equation had defied the law of gravity of Newton.

Mount Scopus, its place in the world
In Jerusalem, opened on April 1, 1925 - the same day that Einstein came to Argentina; rose erected on biblical Mount Scopus, the favorite place in the world of the scientist, the Hebrew University of Jerusalem (UHJ).

A group of notables of the era was founded in 1918: the physicist Albert Einstein; the philosopher Martin Buber, Sigmund Freud and the Nobel Prize in chemistry and first President of the State of Israel, Jaim Waizmann. Currently at the top of the podium, regarded as one of the centres of excellence in the world scientific knowledge.